Today In History
Here is what happened
on Monday - May 22nd...
History, n. One darn thing after another.
Famous People Born On This Day In History...
|1828||Albrecht Grafe, pioneer eye surgeon, founded modern ophthalmology.
Today, this person is/would be 189 years old.
|1859||Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, brought Sherlock Holmes to life (twice).
Today, this person is/would be 158 years old.
|1907||Sir Laurence Olivier, actor.
Today, this person is/would be 110 years old.
|1920||Thomas Gold, astronomer, established the steady-state theory of the universe.
Today, this person is/would be 97 years old.
|1930||Harvey Milk, famous gay San Francisco politician.
Today, this person is/would be 87 years old.
|1970||Niomi Cambell, Supermodel.
Today, this person is/would be 47 years old.
Events On This Day In History...
| 334||BCE. The Greek army of Alexander the Great defeatss Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus.|
| 337||Roman emperor Constantine the Great dies at age 49, after being baptized a Christian on his deathbed. The Roman Empire thus moved away from its pagan roots and became a Christain empire.|
|1176||Murder attempt by the Hashshashin (Assassins) on Saladin near Aleppo.|
|1377||Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe.|
|1455||Wars of the Roses: At the First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeats and captures King Henry VI of England.|
|1762||Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg.|
|1807||A grand jury indicts former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr on a charge of treason.|
|1807||Townsend Speakman begins making and selling fruit-flavored carbonated drinks - in Philadelphia.|
|1809||Second and last Day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling (near Vienna), Napoleon was repelled by an enemy army for the first time.|
|1819||The SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia, United States, on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. The ship arrived at Liverpool, England on June 20.|
|1840||The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony in Australia is abolished.|
|1842||Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns, when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground.|
|1843||Thousands of people and their cattle headed west via wagon train from Independence, Missouri to what would later become the Oregon Territory. It was part of the Great Migration. They followed what is now known as the Oregon Trail.|
|1844||Persian Prophet The Báb announces His revelation, founding Bábism. He announced to the world of the coming of "He whom God shall make manifest." He is considered the forerunner of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith.|
|1856||Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina beats Senator Charles Sumner with a cane in the hall of the United States Senate for a speech Sumner had made attacking Southerners who sympathized with the pro-slavery violence in Kansas ("Bleeding Kansas").|
|1872||Reconstruction: US president Ulysses S. Grant signs the Amnesty Act of 1872 into law restoring full civil rights to all but about 500 Confederate sympathizers.|
|1897||In London, the Blackwall Tunnel under the River Thames, which took six years to build and was 6,200 feet long, was inaugurated by the Prince and Princess of Wales.|
|1906||The 1906 Summer Olympics, not now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, opens in Athens.|
|1906||The Wright brothers are granted US patent number 821,393 for their "Flying-Machine".|
|1915||Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force, and is the only mountain to erupt other than Mount St. Helens in the continental US during the 20th century.|
|1915||Five trains collide in the Quintinshill rail crash near Gretna Green, Scotland, killing 227 people and injuring 246; the accident is found to be the result of non-standard operating practices during a shift change at a busy junction.|
|1936||Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.|
|1939||World War II: Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel.|
|1942||Mexico enters World War II on the side of the Allies.|
|1947||Cold War: In an effort to fight the spread of Communism, U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs an act into law that will later be called the Truman Doctrine. The act grants $400 million in military and economic aid to Turkey and Greece.|
|1960||An earthquake measuring 9.5 on the Richter scale, now known as the Great Chilean Earthquake, hits southern Chile. It is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded.|
|1963||Assassination attempt of Greek left-wing politician Gregoris Lambrakis, who will die five days afterwards.|
|1964||U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces the goals of his Great Society social reforms to bring an "end to poverty and racial injustice" in America. He neglects to mention his prosecution of the Vietnam War, the single policy for which his presidency is remembered.|
|1967||The Innovation department store in the centre of Brussels, Belgium, burns down. It is the most devastating fire in Belgian history, which results in 323 dead and missing and 150 injured.|
|1967||Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, the longest-running children's series on US television, airs its first episode.|
|1968||The US nuclear submarine Scorpion sinks east of the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean with 99 men on board. The wreck still sits at a depth of 2,958 meters.|
|1972||Ceylon adopts a new constitution, changes its name to Sri Lanka, and joins the British Commonwealth of Nations.|
|1990||North and South Yemen are unified to create the Republic of Yemen.|
|1990||The Windows 3.0 operating system is released by Microsoft. Generally considered to be one of Microsoft's worst products.|
|1992||After 30 years, 66-year-old Johnny Carson hosts the US late-night TV talk show, The Tonight Show, for the last time.|
|1995||Bangladesh Shahityacharcha Kendro established.|
|1997||Kelly Flinn, US Air Force's first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepts a general discharge in order to avoid a court martial for adultery with a soccer coach at Minot AFB.|
|1963||A.C. Milan wins the European Cup.|
|2002||American civil rights movement: A jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.|
|2003||In Fort Worth, Texas, Annika Sörenstam becomes the first woman to play the PGA Tour in 58 years.|
|2004||Felipe, Prince of Asturias, of the Spanish Royal Family marries Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano.|
|2006||Results from the Montenegrin independence referendum show 55.4% of voters voted to become independent from the Serbia and Montenegro Union.|
And Don't Forget...