Today In History
Here is what happened
on Sunday - March 18th...
History, n. One darn thing after another.
Famous People Born On This Day In History...
|1782||John C. Calhoun, statesman.
Today, this person is/would be 236 years old.
|1837||Grover Cleveland, twice US President, from (1885 - 1889), and again from (1893 - 1897).
Today, this person is/would be 181 years old.
|1858||Rudolf Diesel, invented the diesel engine.
Today, this person is/would be 160 years old.
|1926||Peter Graves, actor.
Today, this person is/would be 92 years old.
|1927||George Plimpton, novelist
Today, this person is/would be 91 years old.
|1932||John Updike, poet and novelist.
Today, this person is/would be 86 years old.
|1939||Charlie Pride, singer.
Today, this person is/would be 79 years old.
|1963||Vanessa Williams, singer, actress.
Today, this person is/would be 55 years old.
|1970||Dana Owens, aka Queen Latifah.
Today, this person is/would be 48 years old.
Events On This Day In History...
|3952||BCE. According to the Venerable Bede, the date world was created. St Bede was a monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Wearmouth who did extensive medieval writing about history (not all of it accurate).|
| 37||The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.|
| 731||Saint Gregory III begins his reign as a Catholic pope.|
|1229||Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor declares himself King of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.|
|1241||Kraków ravaged by Mongols.|
|1314||Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar is burned at the stake.|
|1438||Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany.|
|1608||Susenyos formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia|
|1673||John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton sells his part of New Jersey to some Friends (Quakers).|
|1766||The British parliament passes the Declaratory Act which gives the Crown authority to make laws binding in the colonies with consent of the Westminster Parliament.|
|1793||The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.|
|1850||The American Express company is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.|
|1836||The Hudson’s Bay Company paddle wheel steamer Beaver, the first steamboat on the Pacific Coast of North America, arrives at Fort Vancouver.|
|1865||American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time. Y’all come back now, heah? |
|1871||President of the French government Thiers orders evacuation of Paris, a socialist government rules the city.|
|1874||Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.|
|1881||Barnum & Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opens in Madison Square Garden in New York City.|
|1849||Former Toronto mayor and rebel William Lyon Mackenzie visits Toronto, where an attempt is made to lynch him.|
|1892||Canadian Governor General Lord Stanley, the 16th Earl of Derby, announces he will donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best hockey team in Canada. While originally presented to amateur champions, it was awarded to the top pro team starting in 1910, and since 1926, only to NHL teams.|
|1906||Traian Vuia flies a self-propelled heavier-than-air aircraft which took off without any external means.|
|1909||Einar Dessau uses a short-wave radio transmitter becoming the first radio broadcaster.|
|1913||King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.|
|1915||World War I: Massive naval attack in Battle of Gallipoli. Three battleships are sunk during a failed British & French naval attack on the Dardanelles.|
|1921||The second Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Union. Despite the recent Polish successes, Soviets annex Ukraine and Belarus. The government of Ukraine emigrates to France. Famine kills millions of Russians.|
|1922||In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience. He would serve only 2 years.|
|1922||The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City.|
|1929||Engineers break ground in Windsor, Ontario, for the Windsor-Detroit tunnel under the one-kilometre (half-mile) wide Detroit River. The tunnel goes on to provide an underground automobile link between Canada and the US.|
|1937||Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces hand the Italian forces a grave defeat at the Battle of Guadalajara.|
|1938||Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders.|
|1940||World War II: Axis Powers Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.|
|1945||World War II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.|
|1959||US president Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law allowing for Hawaiian statehood, which would become official on August 21.|
|1962||The Evian Accords put an end to the Algerian War of Independence, which began in 1954.|
|1965||Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.|
|1967||Supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast.|
|1968||The end of the gold standard. The US Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency.|
|1970||Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.|
|1974||Oil embargo crisis: Most OPEC nations end a five-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan.|
|1985||Australian long running TV series, Neighbours, airs its first episode.|
|1989||In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops.|
|1992||Leona Helmsley, is sentenced to 4 years in prison for tax evasion. |
|2003||US enters war in Iraq. About $1 billion was taken from Iraq’s Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family, just hours before the United States began bombing Iraq. It becomes the biggest bank robbery in history.|
|2003||British Sign Language recognised as an official British language.|
|2005||The first-ever Muslim Friday prayer led by a woman in a mixed-gender congregation was held in New York City, marking a break with a 1426-year Islamic tradition.|
|2005||Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube is removed at the request of her husband, fueling a worldwide debate on euthanasia.|